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The prefix haad- derives nouns from other nouns. It is used to express that a person or an object is the most important. An example is doel purpose > haaddoel main purpose. When combined with a noun referring to a job, it means that the person holding the job is the highest in rank. An example is amtner official > haadamtner senior official.

[+]General properties

The productive prefix haad- grammaticalized from the noun haad head, and hence must be considered a prefixoid. Its semantic contribution can best be summarized as 'main', i.e. it denotes the primary place in a ranking. Examples of derivations with haad- are listed below:

Table 1
Base form Derivation
amtner official haadamtner senior official
kommissaris commissioner haadkommissaris superintendent
suster nurse haadsuster senior nurse
samler editor haadsamler editor in chief
persoan character haadpersoan leading character
tsjûge witness haadtsjûge main witness
skuldige offender haadskuldige chief offender
begryp concept haadbegryp main concept
gebou building haadgebou main building
saak thing haadsaak main thing
doel purpose haaddoel main purpose
artikel article haadartikel leading article
bewenner occupier haadbewenner principal occupier
stêd city haadstêd capital
letter letter haadletter capital
gerjocht dish haadgerjocht main dish
[+]Phonological properties

The prefix is pronounced as [haat]. In derivations the stress is on the prefix, for example in HAADgerjocht main dish.

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This topic is based on Hoekstra (1998:67-68).

  • Hoekstra, Jarich1998Fryske wurdfoarmingLjouwertFryske Akademy