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Clefts are copular constructions in which a phrase is emphasized which provides new or otherwise important information. The three main types of clefts are classified depending on the building block that comes first in the construction: It-clefts, Wh-clefts, also referred to as free relative clefts or pseudo-clefts, and There-clefts, also referred to as presentational clefts.

An example of an it-cleft is given below:

Example 1

It wie in stik fan Shakespeare wat ik seach
it was a play of Shakespeare what I saw
It was a play by Shakespeare that I saw

More details about the three main types of clefts can be found by following the corresponding links: