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The adjectival suffix -er /ər/ occurs in a small group of words denoting an association with a particular religious order. Examples are dominicaner Dominican, franciscaner Franciscan, kapucijner Capuchin, karmelieter Carmelite, cisterciënzer Cistercian, johannieter Hospitaller and kartuizer Carthusian. Many of these adjectives are formed by attaching the suffix to a noun ending in -aan: dominicaan Dominican (N) > dominicaner Dominican (Adj). In other cases, the nominal is identical in form to the adjective: kartuizer Carthusian (N) > kartuizer Carthusian (Adj), in yet others, either option is possible: franciscaan Franciscan (N) - franciscaner Franciscan (N) - franciscaner Franciscan (Adj).


Adjectives ending in -er have a relational meaning, so they only occur attributively, never predicatively (though their nominal equivalents can appear as predicates: Hij was franciscaner van top tot teen He was a every inch a Franciscan). These adjectives are invariable and do not inflect, neither for gender and number nor for degree. -er is a cohering suffix and does not affect the stress pattern of the base. Further derivations from these adjectives do not appear to be possible.

A homophonic affix, also deriving adjectives, is discussed here.