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NPs denoting unrestricted areas as complement to a postposition

The postposition út out normally refers to a source, which is expressed as its prepositional complement:

[Ta it rút] út
to the window out
Out of the window

The postposition refers to a goal in case it takes as its complement a Noun Phrase (NP) referring to a wind direction or an unrestricted field or road, including the noun de wrâld the world.


The postposition út out refers to a goal if it combines with certain kinds of nominal complements, more specifically, with wind directions, fields and roads which are not restricted. The following example involves a wind direction:

Tsjibbe woe ha, hja soenen it noarden út
Tsjibbe wanted have they should the north out
Tsjibbe was of the opinion that they should go (in the direction of the) north

The following example involves the open, unrestricted, field:

Wylst Mient it lân út wie nei syn wurk
while Mient the field out was to his work
While Mient had gone into the field to his work

The following example involves the noun world:

As bern bûnen wy in seiltsje op ús skouke en sylden de wrâld út
as children bound we a sail on our boat and sailed the world out
As children we tied a sail to our boat and sailed out into the world

So the meaning of út out depends on the noun embedded in its complement. Although it normally refers to a path with its source, it can denote a path to its goal with certain nouns of direction.

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