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-elaar /əlar/ is a native non-productive cohering suffix found in names for trees and bushes based on fruit names, carrying secondary stress (perelaar /ˈpe.rə.lar/ pear tree < peer pear). Formations with -elaar are nouns of common gender, selecting the singular definite article de, and with a plural form in -s; they are more common in Belgium than in the Netherlands. If the stem ends in -el, haplology occurs (appelaar apple tree rather than *appelelaar < appel apple).


-elaar /əlar/ is a native suffix found in nouns of common gender denoting names of trees and plants bearing fruit. Input are fruit names of native (appelaar apple tree) or foreign (abrikozelaar apricot tree) origin; compound bases are attested as well (stoofperelaar cooking pear tree < stoofpeer cooking pear). Stems ending in a vowel are impossible (*kiwilaar kiwitree). If the stem ends in -el, haplology occurs like in appelaar apple tree rather than *appelelaar < appel apple(Booij 2002: 185). The suffix carries secondary stress and is cohering: syllabification does not respect the morphological structure (abrikozelaar /a.bri.ˈko.zə.ˌlar/ apricot tree < abrikoos /a.bri.ˈkos/ apricot). The plural of formations in -elaar is formed by means of the suffix -s (vijgelaars fig trees), occasionally -en (notelaren nut trees) (De Haas and Trommelen 1993: 255).

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Rozelaar rose tree does not have a fruit name base; hazelaar filbert, hazel tree is formed analogously on an older basis hazel filbert, hazel tree(see Etymologiebank).

  • Booij, Geert2002The morphology of DutchOxfordOxford University Press
  • Haas, Wim de & Trommelen, Mieke1993Morfologisch handboek van het Nederlands. Een overzicht van de woordvormingSDU Uitgeverij