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Relative clauses

Relative clauses are introduced by Relative pronouns, as in the example below:

Example 1

It famke dat se seagen
the girl.NG.SG REL.NG.SG they saw
The girl that they saw

Relative clauses can be restrictive or non-restrictive. An example of a non-restrictive relative clause is given below:

Example 2

Rink, dy't de geit oan it ferstekken wie, krige in fikse boete
Rink, REL the goat at the relocate was got a heavy fine
Rink, who was peeing, got a heavy fine

Relative clauses may be separated from their antecedent. In the example below, the first bracketed element contains the antecedent, and the second bracketed element contains the relative clause:

Example 3

Se ha [in man] sjoen [dy't de hûn útliet]
they have a man seen REL.CG the dog out.let
They saw a man who took the dog out

Relative clauses may have a personal pronoun as their antecedent, as in the example below:

Example 4

O minske, do dyst de lju dy't soks dogge feroardielest
O man you who.2SG the people who such.a.thing do condemn.2SG
O man, you who condemn the people who do such a thing

Relative clauses may have a dummy antecedent as their antecedent, as in the example below:

Example 5

Dit is dejinge dy't myn hert bewennet
this is the.one who my heart in.lives
This is the one who lives in my heart