• Dutch
  • Frisian
  • Afrikaans
Show full table of contents
Past participles

Past participles ending in -en display variable agreement when used attributively.


Many past participles of strong verbs end in -en. These also exhibit variable agreement, though it is more often absent than present:

Example 1

a. Beklonken-e wangen
fallen.in.PL cheeks
Hollow cheeks
a.' Beklonken wangen
fallen.in cheeks
Hollow cheeks
Example 2

a. Har eigen djipsonken-e ferdoarnens
her own deeply.sunk.CG moral.rot
Her own deeply sunken deprivation
a.' Har eigen djipsonken fordoarnens
her own deeply.sunk moral.rot
Her own deeply sunken deprivation

The -en suffix is apparently able to prevent the schwa-addition schema for attributive agreement from applying.