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The Participio-pro-Infinitivo

Irrealis clusters of 4 verbs come in two kinds in Modern Frisian. One of them, like the B-construction in nineteenth-century Frisian, is restricted to main clauses. The other type, the A-construction, is not restricted in this way. The two types have the property that they exhibit the phenomenon of parasitic participles, that is, they have a perfect participle in a position in which an infinitive is expect. The parasitic participle can always be replaced by an infinitive, which is the normal case. The presence of a participle or infinitive is immaterial to the interpretation of the cluster. An example of a parasitic participle construction is given below:

Example 1

Soe hy dat dien ha kinnen?
would he that done have could.PfP
Could he have done that?

More details about the Participio-pro-Infinitivo can be found by following the corresponding links:

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More details can be found in Bloemhoff (1979) and Den Dikken and Hoekstra (1997).

  • Bloemhoff, Henk1979Heranalyse van een Stellingwerver oppervlaktestructuurUs Wurk2831-38
  • Dikken, Marcel den & Hoekstra, Eric1997Parasitic participlesLinguistics351057-1089