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6.2 Supplementive predication of AP

Supplementives describe a temporary state that receives a simultaneous or conditional interpretation with respect to what is described in the main clause. Two examples are given below:

Hie tumelde wurich juun ‘n ekenen Boom.
he stumbled weary against an oak tree
Weary he tumbled against an oak tree.
Dät is beter foar die, dät du eenoged in dät Lieuwend ounroakest.
it is better for you that you one-eyed in the life in.get
It is better for you to get in the life with one eye.

The first example features the AP wurich ‘weary, tired’, and the second example the AP eenoged ‘one-eyed’. They are predicated of the subject rather than applying to the meaning of the verb, like adverbs do.


With many APs, the supplementive has a strong literary flavour, as in the example above. More common are examples with bloot ‘naked’, dood ‘dead’ or a synonym for drunk. Bare supplementives are predicated of the subject or object of the clause in which they occur. Examples with a synonym for drunk are especially frequent:

Hie is knäppeltjuk ju Trappe andeelfalen.
he is club.drunk the stairs down.fallen
Utterly drunk, he fell down the stairs.
Hie wonkede besepen tou ju Dore uut.
he wavered drunk to the door out
He staggered drunk through the door opening.
Wät aan besepen uutfrät, mout hie nochtern uutsuurje.
what one drunk wrong.does must he sober for.pay
What somebody does drunk, he must pay for sober.

The supplementive does not have a comma intonation, indicating it is an integral part of the syntactic structure of the clause in which it occurs. Another adjective that is regularly used as a supplementive is noakend ‘naked’:

A supplementive can be questioned like a manner adverb, by means of the interrogative of manner:

Hie liet dän Douk fale un ron deer noakend wäch.
he let the sheet fall and ran there naked away
He dropped the sheet and ran away naked.
Wo is hie ju Trappe andeelfalen?
how is he the stairs down.fallen
How did he fall down the stairs?

Supplementives can be classified depending on whether their structure is bare or full-fledged. The examples above involve bare supplementives.

The absolute with-construction instantiates a full-fledged supplementive. An example is given below:

Mäd dän Boomstubbe in dän Ougend häbe wie dät hele Huus loange woorm.
with the tree.trunk in the hearth have we the whole house long warm
With the tree trunk in the hearth, we keep the whole house warm for a long time.

The example above involves a PP as the predicate of the absolute with-construction, but it can also be found with APs as predicates. Interestingly, the APs showing up in the construction tend to be the same as those being able to function as bare supplementives.

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