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Reflexive pronouns and the emphatic adverbial modifier sels himself

A reflexive is a type of pronoun that must find an antecedent within a local domain, which is generally the clause in which the reflexive itself is found. A reflexive has the same reference as its antecedent, but it may be involved in the situation in a different way. An example is given below, where Josse is involved in the situation in two different ways: as the one who hits and as the one who is being hit:

Example 1

Josse slacht himsels
Josse hits himself
Josse hits himself

Two types of reflexives are distinguished:

Inherent reflexives may seem meaningless, as in the following example:

Example 2

Hy fersint him
he mistakes him
He is mistaken

The suffix sels self can also be used as an adverbial pronoun that provides emphasis to a Noun Phrase (NP). The modifier can be placed after the NP. It may also be discontinuous from the NP with which it is construed.


More details about reflexive pronouns and the emphatic adverbial modifier sels self can be found following the corresponding links: