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Pairs of main clauses with a paratactic or implicit counterfactual conditional relation

In a paratactic sequence of two irrealis main clauses, the first will express the counterfactual condition and the second one the counterfactual consequence. A counterfactual conditional main clause normally features a B-construction in nineteenth-century Frisian, whereas a main clause of counterfactual consequence normally contains an A-construction in nineteenth-century Frisian.


Two main clauses can be in an implicit counterfactual conditional relation to each other. In such a case, the first main clause expresses the counterfactual conditional, and the second clause the counterfactual consequence. Formally, the first or conditional main clause will then host a B-construction, whereas the second main clause expressing the consequence will host an A-construction. Two examples are given below:

Example 1

a. Ik koe my wol by in oar besteld ha. Dan hie ik helte mear fertsjinje kind
I could me DcP at an other serviced have then had I half more earned could.PfP
I could have entered somebody else's service. Then I would have earned a lot more
b. Dat moasten jy foarôf sein ha. Dan hie Klaaske yn 'e hûs bliuwe kind
that must you beforehand said have then had Klaaske in the house stay could.PfP
You should have told me that beforehand. Then Klaaske could have stayed in the house

This matter should be investigated statistically in order to find how how robust this phenomenon is. In contrast, if the counterfactual condition is expressed in a clause embedded below the conditional complementiser, then this embedded clause will normally not feature a B-construction, but the main clause expressing the counterfactual consequence will feature a B-construction (see examples in restriction to main-clauses).