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Show all Noun Incorporation Verbs

Noun Incorporation Verbs are inseparable verbal VN compounds. They are paradigmatically reduced. Noun Incorporation Verbs only appear in infinitival shape, mostly with the gerundive infinitive (ending in -n or -en).

Hie fäng oun tou Seeltersk balen. (‘He began to speak Saterlandish.’, lit. ‘he started to Saterlandisch-speak.’)
Du fangst ook al an tou kloukbalen. (‘You’re going to talk smart, too.’)
Mäma was an ’t Ponnekouken baken. (‘Mum was baking pancakes.’)
Dät Eed wude bruukt tou Ougend-heet-moakjen. (‘The turf was used to heat the oven.’)
Bie dät Bäiste bekiekjen. (‘While observing cows’, lit. ‘at the cows-observe.’)

Noun Incorpoation Verbs are a well-known phenomenon in Westerlauwers Frisian (see Dyk 1997, esp. pp 174-175 on Saterland Frisian.)

  • Dyk, Siebren. 1997. Noun Incorporation in Frisian. Dissertation RU Groningen.
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