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Incorporating to-infinitive

Some to-infinitival clauses require that their verbal arguments are incorporated into the infinitival verb, so that the arguments intervene between the morphological marker te to and the infinitival verb. Two examples are given below:

Example 1

a. Omdat er te hierknippen is
because he to hair.cut is
Because he has gone to have his hair cut
b. Omdat er Jouke holp te bôlesmarren
because he Jouke helped to bread-smear
Because he helped Jouke to make sandwiches

Incorporating to-infinitives tend to involve verbs of activity. Incorporating to-infinitives can be classified depending on the type of category which they pattern with, on the elements selecting them and on their semantics. The following subtypes can be distinguished: an adpositional complement involving an absentive change of location, an adjunct related to a change of location, an adpositional complement specifying activity with control verbs, an adjunct specifying an activity with an aspectual verb of body posture and an adjunct specifying an activity with do and modals in an exclamative interrogative.

In addition, incorporation into to-infinitives is briefly compared to incorporation into tensed verbs. Finally, there seems to be an example of subject incorporation.