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Characterisation and classification of the PP

Adposition characteristically denotes a relation between two referents. According to (Fagard and Mardale 2012:304), an adposition:

  • is used as the head of an adpositional phrase;
  • typically takes a noun phrase as its complement;
  • syntactically relates its complement to a unit higher up in the clause hierarchy;
  • semantically qualifies this relation;
  • formally consists of a simple morpheme, and is short (no more than two syllables); and
  • has a high frequency.

Adpositions are distinguished from each other on the basis of the placement or presence of their complements. A preposition is placed before its complement, a postpositions is placed after its complement, and a circumposition is placed before and after (or around) its complement. An intransitive adpositiondoes not take a complement. In this section, an overview is presented of the basic characteristics of the different kinds of adpositions and adposition phrases in Afrikaans.


For more information on the characteristics of adpositions and adposition phrases (PPs), follow the links below:

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