• Dutch
  • Frisian
  • Saterfrisian
  • Afrikaans
Show all
Preposition + NP

The NP complement of a preposition may be:

  • A complex NP
  • A simplex NP

This distinction is based on the presence of only a noun, on the one hand (simplex NP), and elements which are added to the noun (complex NP), on the other.

[+]Complex NP

A complex NP as complement of a preposition would minimally consist of a noun plus a determiner, which could be an article, as die the in this example:

op die plaas
on the farm

Such a noun phrase could be expanded to include both pre- and post-determiners, with conjunctions, for example, as in the complement (indicated in square brackets) of the preposition van of below:

die mens wat bevry is van [allerlei beperkende filosofiese en sosiale vooroordele]
the human.being that.REL freed be.PRS of all.kinds.of restrictive philosophical and social prejudices
the person who is free of all kinds of restrictive philosophical and social prejudices

Complex NPs could include fixed expressions without a determiner, such as op vrye voet on free foot at large (instead of *op die vrye voet on the free foot).

[+]Simplex NP

A simplex NP, on the other hand, consists of only a noun, in cases where a determiner could be used, as in the example below.

a. met nadruk
with emphasis
b. met (sterk) nadruk
with (strong) emphasis
A simplex NP is naturally the default in the case of pronouns. This is illustrated by the example below:
Ons het van hom gehoor.
we have.AUX from him hear.PST
We heard from him.
    printreport errorcite