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1.1 Classification of PPs: Prepositions

A preposition is an adposition that precedes its complement. An example is given below:

Unner dän Stoul.
under the chair
Below the chair.

Prepositions have two arguments. One of its arguments is realised as the prepositional complement. This is the argument denoting the location. Its other argument is realised outside the PP, for example as the subject of the sentence. The external argument denotes the locatee, the argument (a person or an event) that is assigned to a location.

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