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Frisian conjunctions may show two different endings, also in combination. One is phonetically [st]. This ending is similar to the suffix -st which acts as the marker of the second person singular in verbal inflection. An example is

Ik hoopje datst komst
I hope that-2SG come-2SG
I hope you will come

The other ending is phonetically [t], spelled as <'t>. Conjunctions with this ending always head a subordinate sentence. For example, it can appear after interrogatives (e.g. wa't who) or relatives (e.g. dy't who).

Both phenomena are intertwined with syntax and have evoked quite some discussion, also in theoretical debates. One important issue is their status. It is now fairly safe to consider -st as an instance of inflection, while 't must rather be seen as a clitic. Consequently, the latter should primarily be dealt with in syntax. For completeness' sake, it is also briefly mentioned here in the part on morphology.


For more information on these endings, use the following links:

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