• Dutch
  • Frisian
  • Afrikaans
Show full table of contents
Appositive constructions

In appositive constructions, the predicate is an optional addition to a nominal argument. The predicate is not integrated in the outer structure:

Example 1

Gurbe, dronken, sljurke by de sleatswâl del
Gurbe drunk slid at the ditch.side down
Gurbe, drunk, slid down the side of the ditch

If an adjective can be construed with the verb wêze be, it can also be used appositively. Put differently, an apposition is interpreted semantically as a predication that is equivalent to one mediated by the verb to be. This can be illustrated with the help of an idiomatic combination. Alongside deilis wêze be at odds, there is also deilis reitsje / wurde getting to be at odds; there are no other examples. In an apposition as below, the interpretation is that of being, not of getting to be at odds:

Example 2

a. De buorlju binne / reitsje / wurde deilis
the neighbours are become become at.odds
The neighbours are / become / getting to be at odds
b. De buorlju, (al jierren) deilis
the neighbours already years at.odds
The neigbours, already years at odds