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Aspectual verbs of being

The transitive verb hawwe to have is able to provide a complementive structure for a direct object and an Adposition Phrase (PP) predicated of it. This verb involves a relation of being between its direct object and the PP predicate. Prototypical transitive verbs of caused motion such as sette to put and dwaan to do involve a change of location initiated by a cause or an agent. They can be considered the motional-locational equivalent of the concept of becoming.


The following two examples involve the verb hawwe to have. Argument and predicate have been bracketed in the first example:

a. Harke en ik hawwe [de kij] [om ús hinne]
Harke and I have the cows around us to
Harke and me have the cows around us
b. As it goed is, hawwe wy him no yn 'e knipe, Bijke
if it good is have we him now in the trap Bijke
If all is well, we have got him trapped now, Bijke

Some examples with prototypical verbs of caused motion are given below:

a. Ik naam it glês en sette [it] [oan 'e mûle]
I took the glass and put it to the mouth
I took the glass and put it to my mouth
b. Ik die in skjin slipke en in nachthimd oan
I put a clean underwear and a night.skirt on
I put on clean knickery and a nightgown
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