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Certain verbs of causation are able to provide the outer structure for an intransitive complementive predication.


Hoe sa AP komme how so AP come, this rhetorical idiom is severely restricted in its constructional possibilities: both hoe how and sa so seem to belong to the idiom. The question generally describes a situation which the speaker has a negative judgment about, as is illustrated below:

a. Hoe komsto sa wiet / gemeen?
how come.2SG so wet mean
How did you get so wet / mean?
b. Hoe komt de badkeamer sa wiet?
how does the bathroom so wet
How did the bathroom get so wet?
c. *Ik kom sa wiet troch de rein
I come so wet through the rain
I became so wet through the rain

Without hoe how and sa so, the verb komme come can freely be used as a verb of causation, as below, except that it preferably has the topic pronoun dat that as its subject:

a. (Dat komt) troch de rein
that somes through the rain
The rain has caused this
b. De badkeamer komt sa wiet troch in lekkaazje
the bathroom comes so wet through a leak
The bathroom became so wet because there was a leak
c. Dat komt troch in lekkaazje
that comes through a leak
It was caused by a leak
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