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1.2.2 Derivation and numerals

Obviously, numerals are a grammatical category, not a subspecies of inflectional morphology. Yet we are discussing the topic of numerals here as a kind of last resource. After all, numerals involve a lot of morphology.

[+]Cardinal Numerals

The cardinal numerals are:

  • (1-10) een (aan), two (twäin), tjo (träi),fjauer, fieuw, säks, sogen, oachte, njugen, tjoon. (See: Numerals and Gender.)
  • (11-12) alwen, twelich
  • (13-19) trättien, fjautien, füftien, säkstien, sogentien, achttien, njugentien
  • (20-90) twintich, trütich, fjautich, füüftich, säkstich, sogentich, tachentich, njugentich
  • (100, 1000) hunnert, (een) duzend
  • (1984) njugenhunnertfjaueruntachentich
[+]Numerals and Gender

The cardinal numerals one, two and three are inflected for gender in Saterland Frisian. Masculine and non-masculine forms are distinguished.

aan Foar (‘one father (m.)’), een Muur (‘one mother (f.)’), een Bäiden (‘one child (n.)’)
twäin Foare (‘two fathers’), two Mure (‘two mothers’), two Bäidene (‘two children’)
träi Foare (‘three fathers’), tjo Mure (‘three motjers’), tjo Bäidene (‘three children’)

The numerals themselves have non-masculine names: een, two, trjo.

The masculine form aan appears in the univerbation aansins (‘unanimous’), see [1.3] Minor Patterns of Word Formation. In synthetic compounds, the form een- is used, regardless whether the noun at issue is masculine or not, e.g. eenklöärich (‘one color’, cf. die Klöär, m.), eenjierich (‘one year old’, cf. dät Jier, n.), cf. [] Synthetic Compounds. In derivations and words containing affixoids (cf. []), the default foarm een- is used: ju Eendracht (‘concord’), ju Eenhaid (‘unity’).

The distribution of twäin- and two- is not quite clear. The default form two- seems to be preferenced in synthetic compounds (e.g. twoklöärich, ‘two clour’), but twäindelich (‘two-piece’) is an exception. Phonology and interference may play a role here (cf. tweelopich, ‘double-barreled’). In regular and possessive compounds, twäin- is used with masculine nouns, e.g. Twäinstried (‘discord’, cf. die Stried, m.) and Twäintit (‘a cow which gives milk through one teat only’, cf. die Tit, ‘teat’).

[+]Ordinal Numerals
  • (1) eerste
  • (2-12) twäide, träde, fjode, fiefde/fiefte, säkste, sogende, oachte, njugende, tjaande, alfde/alfte, tweelfde/tweelfte
  • (13-19) trättienste, fjaurtienste ... njugentienstefiefde, fiefte(20, 30) twintichste, trietichste ...
  • (100) hunnerdste
  • (101, 102) hunnerdeerste, hunnerdtwäide ...

It can be observed that the ordinal numerals for second and third are based on the masculine forms.

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