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Verb as base

There are five suffixes that can be used to derive verbs from verbs. The majority has as their basic function the indication of a repetition of the action or event referred to by the verbal base. The relevant suffixes -el, -er and -k can therefore be qualified as frequentative or iterative. Secondary meaning contributions that could be circumscribed as "weakening" or "softening" may be an indirect result as well. Examples of these suffixes are koche to cough > kochelje to cough constantly, klomje to be blue with cold > klommerje to suffer with cold and blaffe to bark > blafkje to bark softly. In rare cases we see stacking, for in instance in far-k-el-je to sail softly.

The suffix -jei has a different character, both formally - it is a grammaticalization of the verb jeie to hunt; to rush and therefore rather a suffixoid - and semantically. Its derivations always denote a "wild" activity or event. An example is donderje to nag > donderjeie to be a pain in the ass. The origin of the suffix -emint is less clear, although it is certain that the element is not Germanic. Although not many verbs are involved, it may add a pejorative nuance to its derivations. An example is ketterje to rave, which may turn to kettermintsje to rave terribly.


More details about these suffixes can be found by following the corresponding links: