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3 Modification and degree quantification of APs

Adjectives can be modified by adverbial elements which quantify the degree to which the adjective is applicable. An example of a high degree intensifier is the adverb is läip ‘very’:

Dät waas läip dum fon dän Wäänt.
that was very stupid of the boy
What the boy did, was very stupid.

There are other ways of expressing reinforcement, especially when it comes to adjectives, for example by metaphor in composition as in ribbe-skier ‘rib-clean > squeaky clean’, dood-mäk ‘dead-tame > very tame’, däger-goud ‘very good’ or in an exclamative clause: wät groot! ‘how big!’

In addition, adverbial elements may also manifest in the form of functional items selecting associated phrases and clauses. An example of such a functional element is tou ‘too’, which signal an excessive degree.

Hie waas tou loai wezen, Holt uut dän Busk tou hoaljen.
he was too lazy been wood from the forest to get
He had been too lazy to get wood from the forest.

Here the infinitival clause is not selected by the adjective, but by the functional element tou ‘too’.


On various adverbial modifiers indicating the degree of the adjective, see the topic: 3.1. Classification of degree modifiers.

The canonical functional modifier of high degree is the functional word so ‘so’, see the topic 3.2. High degree specification by means of ‘so’.

The functional item tou ‘too’ signals an excessive degree, see the topic 3.3. Excessive degree specification by means of ‘too’.

The function item genoug ‘enough’ expresses a sufficient degree, see the topic 3.4. Sufficient degree specification by means of ‘enough’.

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