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Adjective as base

The phenomenon of deriving an adjective on the basis of another adjective is less widespread in comparison with nominal or verbal bases. Possibly, there is less choice in the addition of a meaning. Sometimes, for example in the case of the suffix -lik, it is difficult to describe what the contribution of the suffix could be. The most important function of the suffixation seems to express the notion "more or less {adjective}". This is mainly represented by -ich and the combination of the diminutive suffix plus /s/. This suffix -DIMs, however, is subject to the restriction that it only occurs in predicative position. The same applies to -oan, which may have something to do with the fact that both suffixes primarily derive adverbs. -oan is also typical in that it only takes adjectives in the comparative degree as a base. It has a strengthening function, as has -ommen, but the latter especially in an emphatic sense. The suffixes -sk and -sum, although frequent with other bases, are rare after adjectives. Also rare is the non-native suffix -abel, the more so as it takes native bases.


More details about the suffixes can be found by following the corresponding links (in alphabetical order):