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Reflexive pronouns

Reflexive pronouns are syntactic objects that are anaphoric to the subject of the sentence in which it occurs (De Stadler 1989:414; Ponelis 1979:87). Reflexive pronouns take on two forms in Afrikaans. The first form is identical to the object form of personal pronouns (1a-b), while -self is added for the second form (1c-d). The second form is used especially for emphasis or to disambiguate reference when the verb is not inherently reflexive.

a. Jy mag jou assosieer met wie jy ookal wil.
you.SG may.AUX.MOD you.SG associate with who you.SG also.all want
You may associate yourself with whomever you want to.
b. Saam kan ons ons beywer om meer vir ons professie te bereik.
together can.AUX.MOD we us motivate for.COMP more for our profession PTCL.INF achieve.INF
Together, we can motivate ourselves to achieve more for our profession.
VivA-KPO, adapted
c. Jy moet jouself kan identifiseer wanneer jy die kaart kom afhaal.
you.SG must.AUX.MOD yourself.SG can.AUX.MOD identify when you.SG the card come.LINK fetch
You have to identify yourself when you come and fetch the card.
d. Maar ons moet onsself nie flous nie.
but we must.AUX.MOD ourselves not fool PTCL.NEG
But we should not fool ourselves.
VivA-KPO, adapted

More details about reflexive pronouns and the use of -self forms and the word self can be found following the corresponding links:

  • Ponelis, Frits A1979Afrikaanse sintaksisPretoriaJ.L. van Schaik
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