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6.4.Bibliographical notes

Most of the work on quantification has been carried out in formal semantics. Bach et al. (1995), for instance, presents a large number of studies on quantification in various languages, including Dutch. Other discussions of Dutch quantifiers include Doetjes (1997) on the distribution of quantifying expressions in French, Dutch and English; Zwarts (1992; ch.7) on quantified determiners in Dutch; De Jong (1991) on the distribution of Dutch determiners (articles, numerals and quantifiers); and De Jong (1983) on the distribution of Dutch numerals.
      The distinction between weak and strong determiners was first made by Milsark (1974, 1977) in a number of studies on the English existential construction and the definiteness effect. For more extensive discussions of the expletive construction and the definiteness effect in English and Dutch see Reuland (1983), Bennis (1986) and the papers collected in Reuland & Ter Meulen (1989). Other relevant discussions can be found in Diesing (1992); De Hoop (1995), who deals with the weak-strong distinction in Dutch; and De Swart (2001), who discusses the weak readings of indefinites. A recent, comprehensive review of the literature on the English expletive construction and the definiteness effect can be found in Hartmann (2008).
      Since the 1980s much of the research on quantification has been carried out within the theory of generalized quantifiers, as developed by Barwise and Cooper (1981). For a general introduction, see, e.g., Partee et al. (1990; ch.14). For more detailed discussions, see such collections as Van Benthem & Ter Meulen (1985), Groenendijk et al. (1987) and Gärdenfors (1987).
      Some important studies on quantitative er are Bech (1952), Blom (1977), Bennis (1986), Coppen (1991) and Barbiers (1990/2009). The arguments in favor of the movement analysis of quantitative er are taken from the last two references; Barbiers (2009) further provides an explicit comparison of quantitative er with the referential personal pronoun ze'they', and shows that, although the former pronominalizes a smaller portion of the noun phrase than the latter, there are several similarities between the two.

  • Benthem, Johan van & Meulen, Alice ter (eds.)1985Generalized quantifiers in natural languageGroningen-Amsterdam Studies in Semantics 4DordrechtForis Publications
  • Groenendijk, Jeroen, De Jongh, Dick & Stokhof, Martin (eds.)1987Studies in discourse representation theory and the theory of generalized quantifiersDordrechtForis Publications
  • Gärdenfors, Peter (ed.)1987Generalized quantifiersDordrecht/Boston/Lancaster/TokyoReidel
  • Reuland, Eric & Ter Meulen, Alice (eds.)1989The representation of (in)definitenessCambridge, MAMIT Press
  • Bach, Emmon, Jelinek, Eloise, Kratzer, Angelika & Partee, Barbara H. (eds.)1995Quantification in natural languages, Vol. 1 & 2Dordrecht/Boston/LondonKluwer Academic Publishers
  • Barbiers, Sjef1990Telwoorden, adjectieven en lege NPsLeidenUniversity of LeidenThesis
  • Barbiers, Sjef2009Kwantitief <i>er</i> en <i>ze</i>
  • Barbiers, Sjef2009Kwantitief <i>er</i> en <i>ze</i>
  • Barwise, Jon & Cooper, Robin1981Generalized quantifiers and natural languageLinguistics and Philosophy4159-220
  • Bech, Gunnar1952Über das niederländische Adverbialpronomen <i>er</i>Traveaux du Cercle Linguistique de Copenhague VIII, Copenhague/Amsterdam85-32
  • Bennis, Hans1986Gaps and dummiesDordrechtForis Publications
  • Bennis, Hans1986Gaps and dummiesDordrechtForis Publications
  • Blom, Alied1977Het kwantitatieve <i>er</i>Spektator6387-395
  • Coppen, Peter-Arno1991Specifying the noun phraseAmsterdamThesis Publishers
  • Diesing, Molly1992IndefinitesCambridge, MAMIT Press
  • Doetjes, Jenny1997Quantifiers and selection: on the distribution of quantifying expressions in French, Dutch and EnglishDordrechtUniversity of LeidenThesis
  • Hartmann, Jutta M2008Expletives in existentials: English <i>there</i> and German <i>da</i>TilburgTilburg UniversityThesis
  • Hoop, Helen de1995On the characterization of the weak-strong distinctionBach, Emmon, Jelinek, Eloise, Kratzer, Angelika & Partee, Barbara H. (eds.)Quantification in natural languages2Dordrecht/Boston/LondonKluwer Academic Publishers
  • Jong, Francisca de1983Numerals as determinersBennis, Hans & Lessen Kloeke, W.U.S. van (eds.)Linguistics in the Netherlands 1983DordrechtForis Publications
  • Jong, Francisca de1991Determiners: features and filtersUtrechtUniversity of UtrechtThesis
  • Milsark, Gary1974Existential sentences in EnglishMITThesis
  • Milsark, Gary1977Toward an explanation of certain peculiarities of the existential construction in EnglishLinguistic Analysis31-29
  • Partee, Barbara H., Meulen, Alice ter & Wall, Robert E1990Mathematical Methods in LinguisticsDordrechtKluwer Academic Publishers
  • Reuland, Eric1983A note on the definiteness-effectMeulen, Alice ter (ed.)Studies in modeltheoretic semanticsDordrechtForis Publications127-144
  • Swart, Henriëtte de2001Weak readings of indefinites: type shifting and closureThe Linguistic Review1869-96
  • Zwarts, Joost1992X'-syntax - X'-semantics: on the interpretation of functional and lexical headsUniversity of UtrechtThesis