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stront-
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The prefix stront- takes nouns to derive nouns that are disparaging and strongly affective. An example is fintfellow > strontfintdespicable fellow.

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[+] General properties

The prefix stront- is used to derive nouns on the basis of other nouns. It expresses strong disapproval. Prefixation with stront- is highly productive. Examples of derivations are listed below:

Table 1
Base form Derivation
fintfellow strontfintdespicable fellow
dingthing strontdingworthless thing
merakelmiracle strontmerakelsexcuses, rubbish
boekbook strontboeklousy book
fankegirl strontfankelousy girl
filmfilm strontfilmworthless film
The origin of the prefix is in the noun strontshit; dung, and the prefix can therefore be considered as the result of a grammaticalization process, comparable with the prefix skyt-, which has the same excremental background. Hence, stront- is a prefixoid. Semantically, the prefixes have much in common, but stront- lacks the belittling semantics.

[+] Phonological properties

The prefix is pronounced as [stront]. In derivations the stress is on the prefix, for example in STRONTboeklousy book.

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Literature

This topic is based on Hoekstra (1998:70).

References:
  • Hoekstra, Jarich1998Fryske wurdfoarmingLjouwertFryske Akademy
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