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ûnder-
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The prefix ûnder- derives nouns from other nouns. Derivations with the prefix ûnder- refer to persons who hold a lower rank than the person named by the base form. An example is keningking > ûnderkeningviceroy.

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[+] General properties

The prefix ûnder- derives nouns on the basis of other nouns. Derivations refer to persons who hold a lower rank than the person named by the base form. Examples of derivations with ûnder- are listed below:

Table 1
Base form Derivation
keningking ûnderkeningviceroy
baasboss ûnderbaasforeman
direkteurmanager ûnderdirekteursub-manager
ofsierofficer ûnderofsiernon-commissioned officer
mastermaster ûndermastersub-master
The prefix developed from the preposition ûnderunder.

[+] Phonological properties

The pronunciation of the prefix is [undər], but in eastern dialects it is [ondər]. In derivations the stress is on the prefix, for example as in ÛNderkeningviceroy.

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Literature

This topic is based on Hoekstra (1998:67).

References:
  • Hoekstra, Jarich1998Fryske wurdfoarmingLjouwertFryske Akademy
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