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rot-
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The prefix rot- derives nouns on the basis of nouns. It expresses disapproval of what is referred to by the base. Examples are deiday > rotdeilousy day and waarweather > rotwaarbeastly weather.

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[+] General properties

The prefix rot- derives nouns on the basis of other nouns. Its function is to indicate disapproval. In comparison to the prefixes ûn-, wan- en mis-, this prefix is strongly affective.

The prefix rot- is highly productive. Another prefix with almost the same function is skyt-, but the use of that prefix is more restricted.

Examples of derivations with rot- are listed below:

Table 1
Base form Derivation
fankegirl rotfankebloody girl
heitdad rotheitbloody dad
dingthing rotdingbloody thing
boekbook rotboekbloody book
filmfilm rotfilmbloody film
waarweather rotwaarbeastly weather
deiday rotdeilousy day
sintenmoney rotsintenbloody money
wurkwork rotwurknasty work
baanjob rotbaanlousy job
kophead rotkopugly mug
smaakflavour rotsmaaknasty flavour
The origin of this prefix should be sought in the verb rotsjeto rot or in its nominalization rotrot. Therefore, this prefix actually is a prefixoid.

[+] Phonological properties

The prefix is pronounced as [rɔt]. In derivations the stress is on the prefix, for example in ROTwurknasty work.

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Literature

This topic is based on Hoekstra (1998:70).

References:
  • Hoekstra, Jarich1998Fryske wurdfoarmingLjouwertFryske Akademy
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