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net-
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The prefix net- derives nouns on the basis of nouns referring to a person. Derivations with net- express the opposite of the base form. An example is smokersmoker > net-smokernon-smoker. Because of the predicative semantics of derivations with net-, the base form and the prefix are connected in the orthography by a hyphen.

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[+] General properties

The prefix net- derives from the negative adverb netnot, and can therefore rather be taken as a prefixoid. The base is always a noun denoting a person. Derivations with net- refer to the opposite of the base. An example is smokersmoker > net-smokernon-smoker. Derivations with net- have a predicative denotation (cf. also eks- and âld). This means that a net-smokernon-smoker is not a type of smoker (like piipsmokerpipe smoker), but a person who is not a smoker. To indicate this in the spelling, the base and the prefix are connected by a hyphen.

Examples of derivations with net- are listed below:


Table 1
Base form Derivation
smokersmoker net-smokerno-nsmoker
FriesFrisian net-Friesnon-Frisian
kristenChristian net-kristennon-Christian
lidmember net-lidnon-member
aktivenemployed net-aktivenunemployed
[+] Phonological properties

This predicative semantics is also reflected in the stress pattern. The stress is not on the prefix, but on the base form. At the same time, the prefix gets extra prominence: SMOkersmoker > net-SMOkernon-smoker.

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Literature

This topic is based on Hoekstra (1998:68).

References:
  • Hoekstra, Jarich1998Fryske wurdfoarmingLjouwertFryske Akademy
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