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kalf-
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The unproductive prefix kalf- derives nouns from other nouns. It can, however, only be attached to the nouns broerbrother and sustersister. Derivations with kalf- refer to a brother or a sister who either has a different father or mother than oneself. An example is broerbrother > kalfbroerhalf-brother.

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[+] General properties

The prefix kalf- can only be combined with the words broerbrother and sustersister, resulting in the words kalfbroerhalf-brother and kalfsusterhalf-sister. The prefix is clearly unproductive. One can use these forms to refer to a brother or a sister who has a different father or mother than oneself.

Alternative prefixes with the same function are heal-, kâld- and pot-. Where heal- is the commonly used prefix, kâld-, kalf- and pot- can be considered obsolete.

[+] Phonological properties

In derivations with kalf- the stress is on the prefix, e.g. KALFsusterhalf-sister. The prefix is pronounced as [kɔlf].

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Literature

This topic is based on Hoekstra (1998:65).

References:
  • Hoekstra, Jarich1998Fryske wurdfoarmingLjouwertFryske Akademy
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