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haad-
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The prefix haad- derives nouns from other nouns. It is used to express that a person or an object is the most important. An example is doelpurpose > haaddoelmain purpose. When combined with a noun referring to a job, it means that the person holding the job is the highest in rank. An example is amtnerofficial > haadamtnersenior official.

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[+] General properties

The productive prefix haad- grammaticalized from the noun haadhead, and hence must be considered a prefixoid. Its semantic contribution can best be summarized as 'main', i.e. it denotes the primary place in a ranking. Examples of derivations with haad- are listed below:


Table 1
Base form Derivation
amtnerofficial haadamtnersenior official
kommissariscommissioner haadkommissarissuperintendent
susternurse haadsustersenior nurse
samlereditor haadsamlereditor in chief
persoancharacter haadpersoanleading character
tsjûgewitness haadtsjûgemain witness
skuldigeoffender haadskuldigechief offender
begrypconcept haadbegrypmain concept
geboubuilding haadgeboumain building
saakthing haadsaakmain thing
doelpurpose haaddoelmain purpose
artikelarticle haadartikelleading article
bewenneroccupier haadbewennerprincipal occupier
stêdcity haadstêdcapital
letterletter haadlettercapital
gerjochtdish haadgerjochtmain dish
[+] Phonological properties

The prefix is pronounced as [haat]. In derivations the stress is on the prefix, for example in HAADgerjochtmain dish.

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x
Literature

This topic is based on Hoekstra (1998:67-68).

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x Literature

This topic is based on Hoekstra (1998:67-68).

References:
  • Hoekstra, Jarich1998Fryske wurdfoarmingLjouwertFryske Akademy
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