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-spul
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The productive suffixoid-spul derives neuter nouns from nouns. The noun to which the suffix is related is spulthings, matters. There is a strong relationship with the suffix -guod. An example of a derivation ending in -spul is itenfood > itensspulfood, eatables. The derivations always have a more or less collective element in them.

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[+] General properties

Nouns ending in the suffix -spul have a nominal base. The derivations have neuter gender. The table below shows some examples:


Table 1
Base form Derivation
itenfood itensspulfood, eatables
blêdleaf blêdspulcollection of leafs
bôlebread bôlespulall kinds of bread
fleismeat fleisspulsmall pieces of all kinds of meat
kleanclothes kleanspulclothes
termintestine termspulintestinal tract
tûkebranch tûkespulcollection of branches

The derivations have a collective element, referring to the whole of leafs, clothes, etcetera. Sometimes there is a negative connotation, which can be found in more collectivizing suffixes (see the section on other suffixes that form collective nouns below).

-Spul is a suffixoid: as a suffix, it grammaticalized from the noun spulthings, matters. It also kept the gender of that noun, which is neuter. The word tûkebranch, for instance, is common, whereas tûkespulcollection of branches is a neuter word.

[+] Other suffixes that form collective nouns

-Spul is not the only suffix that forms collective nouns. Comparable suffixes are:

  • -boel: hokshed > hokkeboelsheds;
  • -brol: papierpaper > papierbrolpapers;
  • -brot: krantnewspaper > krantebrotnewspapers;
  • -dom: minskhuman > minskdomhumanity;
  • -emint: kaakjaw > kakemintthe lower and upper jaw;
  • -guod: fûgelbird > fûgelguodbirds;
  • -heid: minskhuman being > minskheidhumanity;
  • -wurk: skonkleg > skonkwurklegs.

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