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-esk
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-esk (/ɛsk/) is a non-native cohering stress-bearing suffix found in adjectives derived from nouns (regentesk) and proper names (rembrandtesk), as well as in a few borrowings such as groteskgrotesque.

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-esk (/ɛsk/) is a non-native suffix found in adjectives derived from nouns (regentesk) and proper names (rembrandtesk). New forms are rare (Welschen 1970),(Van den Toorn 1978), (Don 2005). It is cohering - syllabification does not respect the morphological boundary - and stress-bearing: rembrandtesk/rɛm.brɑn.'tɛsk/rembrandtesque (< Rembrandt/'rɛm.brɑnt/Rembrandt. The general meaning is having or showing the propert of the base(De Haas and Trommelen 1993: 351-2). If the base ends in schwa, it is deleted: DanteskDantesque (< Dante, oocasionaly there is deletion of the final vowel, e.g. Pirandellesk (< Pirandello). Although -esk belongs to the non-native suffixes, noun formation by means of non-native -iteit is impossible: only formations with native -heid (e.g. clowneskheid) are acceptable.

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A few borrowings such as groteskgrotesque, burleskburlesque and pittoreskpittoresque have no corresponding base.

References:
  • Don, Jan2005'Adjectiva op - esk, of de opkomst en ondergang van een suffixA.D. 2005 Taalkundige artikelen bij het afscheid van Ad Welschen .Universiteit van Amsterdam
  • Haas, Wim de & Trommelen, Mieke1993Morfologisch handboek van het Nederlands. Een overzicht van de woordvormingSDU Uitgeverij
  • Toorn, Maarten C. van den1978Een nieuwe esk-apadeDe Nieuwe Taalgids71609-615
  • Welschen, Ad1970De morfologische valentie van -eskDe Nieuwe taalgids63441-452
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