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a-
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The prefix a- is a non-native prefix, and can only be added to non-native adjectives. Its semantics is negative: the derivations refer to the opposite of the base form. An example is sosjaalsocial > asosjaalantisocial. The prefix is not productive.

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[+] General properties

The non-native prefix a- can only be added to non-native adjectival bases. If the adjective has an initial vowel, the prefix gets an extra /n/, resulting in the allomorph an-. An example is organyskorganic > anorganyskanorganic. Examples are given in the table below:

Table 1
Base form Derivation
sosjaalsocial asosjaalantisocial
kultureelcultural akultureeluncultured
organyskorganic anorganyskinorganic
selektselect aselektrandom
seksueelsexual aseksueelasexual
The native negative prefix ûn- can attach to native as well as non-native base forms, and competes with the prefix a- to a certain extent. It may be assumed, however, that negated forms with a- are often loaned in their entirety. This can be compared to what is happening with respect to the non-native negative prefix yn-.

[+] Phonological properties

The prefix is pronounced as [a:]. The prefix does not attract stress, so the main stress remains on the adjective of the base, for example in aseksuEEL or asoSJAAL.

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x
Literature

This topic is based on Hoekstra (1998:78).

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x Literature

This topic is based on Hoekstra (1998:78).

References:
  • Hoekstra, Jarich1998Fryske wurdfoarmingLjouwertFryske Akademy
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phonology
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morphology
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    [82%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Prefixation > Nominal prefixes > Noun as base
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