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eigen-
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The prefix eigen- (related to the adjective eigenown) can form adjectives on the base of other adjectives. This input, however, is restricted to adjectively used past participles. The prefix can be paraphrased by the word selsself. An example is breideknitted > eigenbreideself-knitted.

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[+] General properties

The prefix eigen- has from the adjective eigenown as its ancestor, and can therefore also be considered a prefixoid. As is the case with the prefix nij-, it only occurs with adjectively used past participles. The prefix could be paraphrased by the word selsself. Here are some examples:


Table 1
Base form Derivation
oanretconstructed eigenoanretself-constructed
boudbuild eigenboudself-built
baktbaked eigenbakthome-baked
broudbrewed eigenbroudself-brewed
makkemade eigenmakkehome-made

Although clearly related to the adjective eigenown, this word can not be used in a related verbal construction, as in *ik ha de trui eigen breideI have the sweater own knitted. Rather, in such a verbal construction selsself is preferred. Given this penchant, one can also encounter formations like selsmakkehome-made or selsbreideself-knitted. It must be observed, however, that in these formations the relation between sels and the past participle is less strong than between eigen- and the past participle. The latter type does not allow intermediate material:

Example 1

a. De sels foar in beppesizzer breide trui
the self for a grandma.speaker knitted sweater
The self-knitted sweater for a grandchild
b. *De eigen foar in beppesizzer breide trui
the own for a grandma.speaker knitted sweater
The self-knitted sweater for a grandchild

These are good reasons for arriving at the conclusion that eigen- is a prefix, as in de eigenbreide truithe self-knitted sweaterthe self-knitted sweater, and sels is not. The latter therefore should be spelled as a separate word, as in de sels breide trui.

[+] Phonological properties

The prefix eigen- is pronounced as [ɛjɣən]. When added to an adjective, the stress is on the prefix, for example in EIgenboud or EIgenmakke.

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Literature

This topic is based on Hoekstra (1998:79), and on Hoekstra (1991) in particular.

References:
  • Hoekstra, Jarich1991Nijmakke en eigenoanretFriesch Dagblad21-09Taalsnipels 201
  • Hoekstra, Jarich1998Fryske wurdfoarmingLjouwertFryske Akademy
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