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Stress in verbal compounds
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Verbal compounding is unproductive in Dutch (as argued in Booij 2002). Still, verbal compounds are not absent in Dutch and always have initial compound stress. Many NV compounds are defective: they only occur as infinitives. The first constituent can be

  1. a noun (N),
  2. a verb (V),
  3. an adjective (A), or
  4. a preposition (P).

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[+] NV compounds
Example 1

N
liplezen [[lip][lezen]] [ˈlɪp.ˈle.zən] to read lips
bloedvergieten [[bloed][vergieten]] [ˈblut.vər.ˈxi.tən] to shed blood
stofzuigen [[stof][zuigen]] [ˈstɔf.ˈzœy.ɣən] to vacuum clean
gewichtheffen [[gewicht][heffen]] [xə.ˈʋɪxt.ˈhɛ.fən] to lift weights
voetballen [[voet][ballen]] [ˈvut.ˈbɑ.lən] to play football
[+] AV compounds

AV compounds always result in separable verbs. As with all verbal compounds, stress is on the initial constituent.

Example 2

A
diepvriezen [[diep][vriezen]] [ˈdip.ˈvrizən] to deep-freeze
hardlopen [[hard][lopen]] [ˈhɑrd.ˈlopən] to jog
losmaken [[los][maken]] [ˈlɔs.ˈmakən] to unloose
liefhebben [[lief][hebben]] [ˈliv.ˈhɛbən] to love
[+] VV compounds

Compounds created by combining two verbs are very rare. Some examples are provided below; all relevant forms have initial stress:

Example 3

V
zweefvliegen [[zweef][vliegen]] [ˈzʋev.ˈvlixən] to glide
donderjagen [[donder][jagen]] [ˈdɔn.dər.ˈjaxən] to be a nuisance
brandmerken [[brand][merken]] [ˈbrɑnd.ˈmɛrkən] to stigmatize
hinkstappen [hink][stappen]] [ˈhɪŋk.ˈstɑpən] to triple jump
[+] PV compounds
Example 4

P
voorzien [[voor][zien]] [ˈvor.ˈzin] to provide
aanvaarden [[aan][vaarden]] [ˈan.ˈvardən] to accept
doorboren [[door][boren]] [ˈdor.ˈborən] to drill through
achterhalen [[achter][halen]] [ˈɑx.tər.ˈhalən] to catch up with
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x Stress in separable vs. non-separable complex verbs

Complex verbs can be divided into two groups, separable and non-separable words. While separable verbs have stress on their initial constituent, non-separable ones have main stress on their second constituent. Consider the following examples for the separable verb doorlopen vs. the non-separable verb doorlopen:

Example 5

a. Separable complex verb
      doorlopen [[door][lopen]] [ˈdor.ˈlo.pən] walk through
      example: Hij loopt door de woestijn He walks through the dessert but: *Hij doorloopt de woestijn
b. Non-separable complex verb
      doorlopen [doorlopen] [dor.ˈlo.pən] to undergo
      example: Hij doorloopt een beroepsopleiding He undergoes a job training but: *Hij loopt door een beroepsopleiding

Following Booij (1995), we consider separable verbs as compounds, and non-separable verbs to be prefixed verbs. This categorization is in line with the above-mentioned stress behavior of the relevant items: separable verbs, like other verbal compounds, are stressed on their initial constituent, and prefixed verbs have stress on the second constituent.

References:
  • Booij, Geert1995The phonology of DutchOxfordOxford University Press
  • Booij, Geert2002Separable complex verbs in Dutch: a case of periphrastic word formationDehé, Nicole, Jackendoff, Ray, McIntyre, Andrew & Urban, Silke (eds.)Verb-particle explorationsBerlinMouton de Gruyter21-42
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