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Quantifiers, determiners and predeterminers
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Any Noun Phrase (NP) is a quantifier from a semantic point of view. The quantificational character of NPs is chiefly determined by the syntactic elements introducing the NP, that is, by determiners. Quantifiers can be discussed from a syntactic point of view and from a semantic point of view. Syntactically, determiners often, but not always, look like being simple heads. Such determiners include:

Some determiners have the appearance of being complex heads: A maximal projection, more specifically, a possessive NP can also have the function of acting as a determiner to an NP. Semantically, quantifiers can be classified with the aid of the square of opposition. This square consists of four interrelated semantic notions, each of which is a particular kind of quantification: Negation of universal quantification is regularly expressed by negation followed by a universal quantifier and will not be further discussed. Quantifiers can also be divided into definite and indefinite ones. Quantifiers consisting of a predeterminer and an article form a special subcase of the class of definite quantifiers. Indefinite quantifiers have the property that they may appear in the existential there-construction. Nouns may be elided following quantifiers, see numerals and quantifiers).

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More details about quantifiers, determiners and predeterminers can be found by following the corresponding links:

References:
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