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Frequency adverbs provide information about the frequency of occurrence of events. It can be difficult to distinguish frequency adverbs from time adverbs.


Frequency adverbs and time adverbs are often ambiguous between a clausal reading and a Verb Phrase (VP) reading. The adverb faak often passes both the clausal test and the VP test:

Example 1

Se laket net faak om him
she laughs not often because.of him
She does not often laugh because of him

VP adverb test:

Example 2

Se laket om him en dat docht se net faak
she laughs because.of him and that does she not often
She laughs because of him en she does not do so often

Clausal adverb test:

Example 3

It is net faak sa dat se om him laket
it is not often so that she at him laughs
It is not often the case that she laughs because of him

The adverb folle much can also be used as an adverb of frequency. As such, it seems to be a VP-adverb only, since it fails the test for clausal adverbs:

Example 4

Hy laket net folle
he laughs not much
He does not laugh much

VP adverb test:

Example 5

Hy laket en dat docht er net folle
he laughs and that does he not much
He laughs, and he does not do that often

Clausal adverb test:

Example 6

*It is net folle sa dat er laket
it is not much so that he laughs
It is not often the case that he laughs