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Negative
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Adjectives can be negated in various ways. Clause negation applies to the entire clause in which the adjective occurs, and is introduced by the negative adverb nienot before the AP, and delimited at the conclusion of the clause by means of the isomorphic negative particle nienot, as in this example:

Example 1

Ek het besef dat dit nie verstandig is om na hierdie stad terug te keer nie.
I have realised that it not sensible is PTCL.INF to this city back to return PTCL.NEG
I realised that it is not sensible to return to this city.

Phrase negation only applies to the AP, and usually effected by means of prefixing a negative morpheme to the adjective, as in:

Example 2

Dis uiters onverstandig om hier te talm.
it's extremely unwise PTCL.INF here to linger
It is extremely unwise to linger here.
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Clause and phrase negation is a comprehensive topic in Afrikaans, for which various rules exist, governing both the extent and use of the final negation marker (PTCL.NEG) nienot. Adjectives, either as part of the predicate or individually, can also be negated in more than one way. In the case of clause negation, i.e. as part of the predicate, the negating particle is used before the AP, and the extent of the negation is marked by means of the final delimiting PTCL.NEG, as in this example:

Example 3

Ons is nie kwaad vir mekaar nie.
we are not angry for each.other PTCL.NEG
We are not mad at each other.

However, when the AP, whether embedded in a PP or not, is fronted, only the final negation marker is used. The semantic implication is that the clause is emphasised:

Example 4

Kwaad vir mekaar is ons nie.
angry for each other are we PTCL.NEG
We are definitely not mad at each other.

In the case of phrase negation, only the adjective is marked by affixing a negating prefix, such as on-un- or nie-non-, as in the two examples below:

Example 5

Dit is onduidelik waaroor betoog word.
it is unclear where.over demonstrated become·AUX.PASS.PRS
It is unclear what the demonstration is about.
Example 6

alkoholiese en nie-alkoholiese drank
alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverage

Phrasal and clausal negation may also occur together, as in the case of litotes:

Example 7

Maar die gedagte is glad nie onaangenaam nie.
but the thought is at.all not unpleasant PTCL.NEG
But the thought is not at all unpleasant.

When these two types of negation do occur together, as in the aforegoing example, the same rule applies to clausal negation in the case of fronting, as illustrated in example (4):

Example 8

Onaangenaam is die gedagte glad nie.
unpleasant is the thought at.all PTCL.NEG
The thought is definitely not at all unpleasant.
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