• Dutch
  • Frisian
  • Afrikaans
Show full table of contents
-int
quickinfo

The non-Germanic suffix -int derives nouns with a common gender from non-Germanic verbs in -earje. The suffix -ear is truncated. The derivations are agent nouns. An example is studearjeto study > studintstudent. The stress is always on the suffix.

readmore
[+] General properties

The non-Germanic suffix -int forms nouns with common gender out of non-Germanic verbs in -earje. Examples are:


Table 1
Base form Derivation
studearjeto study studintstudent
assistearjeto assist assistintassistant
dosearjeto teach dosintteacher
korrespondearjeto correspond korrespondintcorrespondent
presidearjeto preside presidintpresident

These derivations are all agent nouns that have common gender. They refer to male persons. In case a female person is referred to, like studintstudent, assistintassistant, etc., an extra suffix -e has been added: studintefemale student, assistintefemale assistant.

Although most of the time one can connect a derivation in -int to a verb, there are exceptions in which the base form does not exist in Frisian. An example is the noun dissidintdissident, which lacks a verbal base (*dissidearje).

Comparable suffixes are -ant and -eur.

[+] Phonological properties

The suffix carries stress: assisTEARje[ɔsistjɛrjə]to assist > assisTINT[ɔsistɪnt]assistant. As can be seen, the augment -ear has been truncated during the suffixation process.

[hide extra information]
x Literature

This topic is based on Hoekstra (1998:102).

References:
  • Hoekstra, Jarich1998Fryske wurdfoarmingLjouwertFryske Akademy
Suggestions for further reading ▼
phonology
  • Dutch
  • Frisian
  • Afrikaans
Show more ▼
morphology
  • Dutch
  • Frisian
  • Afrikaans
  • -ing
    [72%] Dutch > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Nouns > Nominal suffixes
  • -erik
    [72%] Dutch > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Nouns > Nominal suffixes
  • -aard
    [72%] Dutch > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Nouns > Nominal suffixes
  • Gender
    [72%] Dutch > Morphology > Inflection > Nouns
  • -aris
    [71%] Dutch > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Nouns > Nominal suffixes
  • -eur
    [89%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Suffixation > Nominal suffixes > Verb as base
  • -ant
    [88%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Suffixation > Nominal suffixes > Verb as base
  • -enis
    [80%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Suffixation > Nominal suffixes > Verb as base
  • -aasje
    [78%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Suffixation > Nominal suffixes > Verb as base
  • -er
    [76%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Suffixation > Nominal suffixes > Verb as base
Show more ▼
syntax
  • Dutch
  • Frisian
  • Afrikaans
  • 1.3.1.5. Er-nominalization
    [71%] Dutch > Syntax > Nouns and Noun Phrases > 1 Characterization and classification > 1.3. Derivation of nouns > 1.3.1. Deverbal nouns
  • 1.2.2.2. Abstract nouns
    [71%] Dutch > Syntax > Nouns and Noun Phrases > 1 Characterization and classification > 1.2. Classification > 1.2.1. Proper nouns
  • 1.2.1. Proper nouns
    [71%] Dutch > Syntax > Nouns and Noun Phrases > 1 Characterization and classification > 1.2. Classification
  • 1.3.3. Non-spatial/temporal prepositions
    [70%] Dutch > Syntax > Adpositions and adpositional phrases > 1 Characteristics and classification > 1.3. A semantic classification of adpositional phrases
  • 1.3. Inflection
    [70%] Dutch > Syntax > Verbs and Verb Phrases > 1 Characterization and classification
Show more ▼
cite
print