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-aasje
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The suffix -aasje is attached to roots of non-Germanic verbs ending in -earje. It creates nouns that have common gender. Examples are operearjeto perform surgery > operaasjesurgery and argewearjeto irritate > argewaasjeirritation. The suffix acts in a similar way as the Dutch suffix -atie.

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[+] General properties

The suffix -aasje follows stems of French loan verbs, in Frisian ending in -earje. Examples are given below:


Table 1
Base form Derivation
argewearjeto irritate argewaasjeirritation
argumintearjeto argue argumintaasjeargumentation
avesearjeto hurry avesaasjeprogress, movement
nasjonalisearjeto nationalise nasjonalisaasjenationalisation
prakkesearjeto reflect prakkesaasjereflection

The French counterpart of the suffix is -ation. An interesting fact is that in Frisian, the suffix -aasje has been productive independently of French. To illustrate: in French the verb avancerto hurry exists, which is imported and adapted in Frisian into avesearjeto hurry. In Frisian this verb has been nominalised into avesaasjeprogress, movement, but French does not have such a form as *avancation.

The derivations are nouns with common gender that have a plural in -s. The suffix acts in a similar way as the Dutch suffix -atie. For example: the Dutch verb argumenterento argue becomes argumentatieargumentation in Dutch and argumentaasje in Frisian.

Although most of the time one can connect a derivation in -aasje to a verb, there are a few opaque forms. For example, the nouns konglomeraasjeconglomerate and konsideraasjeconsideration do not have an existing verbal base: *konglimerearje or *konsiderearje.

The typical Frisian suffix -eraasje is a variant of -aasje.

[+] Phonological properties

The suffix is pronounced as [a:sjə]. In derivations with -aasje the stress is on the first part of the suffix (prakkeSAAsje).

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x Literature

This topic is based on Hoekstra (1998:122-123) and Hoekstra (1991).

References:
  • Hoekstra, Jarich1991Argewaasje en strideraasjeFriesch Dagblad04-05Taalsnipels 183
  • Hoekstra, Jarich1998Fryske wurdfoarmingLjouwertFryske Akademy
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