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-ant
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The non-Germanic suffix -ant derives nouns with a common gender from non-Germanic verbs in -earje. The suffix -ear is truncated. The derivations are agent nouns. An example is demonstrearjeto demonstrate > demonstrantprotester. The stress of the derived noun is always on the suffix.

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[+] General properties

The non-Germanic suffix -ant derives nouns with common gender from non-Germanic verbs in -earje. Examples are:


Table 1
Base form Derivation
demonstrearjeto demonstrate demonstrantprotester
arrestearjeto arrest arrestantdetainee
passearjeto pass passantpasser-by
kommandearjeto command kommandantcommander
fabrisearjeto manufacture fabrikantmanufacturer

These derivations have common gender and they are agent nouns. One exception is restantremnant (coming from restearjeto remain, be left) which is an object.

Although most of the time one can connect a derivation in -ant to a verb, there are exceptions for which a base form does not exist in Frisian. An example is the noun ramplesantsubstitute, which lacks a verbal base (*ramplesearje).

Comparable suffixes are -eur and -int.

[+] Phonological properties

The suffix is pronounced as [ɔnt] and it carries stress: arresTANT[arəstɔnt]detainee (from arresTEARje[arəstjɛrjə]to arrest).

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x Literature

This topic is based on Hoekstra (1998:102).

References:
  • Hoekstra, Jarich1998Fryske wurdfoarmingLjouwertFryske Akademy
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