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-yt
quickinfo

The suffix -yt derives (mostly) personal nouns from nouns. This unproductive, non-Germanic suffix only occurs in a few words, nearly always with a non-Germanic base. An example is kosmopoliscosmopolis > kosmopolytcosmopolitan.

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[+] General input

The list of derivations of -yt is limited. Examples are given in the table below:


Table 1
Base form Derivation
IsraëlIsrael IsraelytIsraelite
KanaänCanaan KanaänytCanaanite
LevyLevi LevytLevite
IslamIslam IslamytIslamite
JezusJesus jezuytJesuit
kosmopoliscosmopolis kosmopolytcosmopolitan
meteoarmeteor meteorytmeteorite
hypokrisyhypocritics hypokrythypocrite
hermafroditismehermafroditism hermafrodythermafrodite

All derivations have common gender. Their meaning is primarily "follower of {base noun}". The suffix also figures in scientific terminology, for example meteoarytmeteorite or gloarytchlorite.

The derivations have a non-native base. An exception is Harrekyt, a name for an inhabitant of the village De Harkema, in Dutch Harkema-Opeinde. The exceptionality of this formation is underscored by its humoristic character; the neutral inhabitant name is Harkemaster (read more about this suffix in -er with geographical name as base).

As can be seen from the table above, in some cases the suffix -yt has just been added (IsraëlIsrael > IsraelytIsraelite), while in other cases the final part of the base has been elided.

[+] Phonological properties

The suffix -yt[it] bears the main stress of the word, which results in a stress shift: ISraël > israëLYT, isLAM > islaMYT, etcetera.

[+] Morphological potentials

The derivations can be the first part of a compound if a linking element -e- has been added: kosmopolytcosmopolitan > kosmopolit-e-besteanexistence as a cosmopolitan. They can be input for other suffixes as well, like -(y)sk in IslamytIslamite > IslamytyskIslamic.

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x Literature

This topic is based on Hoekstra (1998:101) and, for comparable Dutch data, De Haas and Trommelen (1993:200-201).

References:
  • Haas, Wim de & Trommelen, Mieke1993Morfologisch handboek van het Nederlands. Een overzicht van de woordvormingSDU Uitgeverij
  • Hoekstra, Jarich1998Fryske wurdfoarmingLjouwertFryske Akademy
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