• Dutch
  • Frisian
  • Afrikaans
Show full table of contents
-er
quickinfo

The suffix -er, which primarily takes verbs, may also be attached to nouns. The derivations are always nouns with common gender, and their plurals end in -s. Examples are skipship > skippercaptain and wittenskipscience > wittenskipperscientist. This nominal -er has an allomorph -ner.

Another suffix -er that is relevant is the one that primarily derives inhabitant names on the basis of geographical names. It has two allomorphs, -ker and -tsjer, that can also derive inhabitant names from common nouns, for example stêdcity > stedsjercitizen. The same suffixes also seem to derive profession names that are related to a common noun. For example, it could be assumed that koaltsjercabbage gardener is related to koalcabbage. However, it seems more plausible to derive koaltsjer from the verbal base koaltsjeto grow cabbage, in which case we would have a regular derivation with the suffix -er.

readmore

More information on the suffix -er can be found in the topic on -er with a verb as base.

For the suffixes -ker and -tsjer, see the topic on inhabitant names, in particular the section on the suffixes -ker and -tsjer.

References:
    Suggestions for further reading ▼
    phonology
    • Dutch
    • Frisian
    • Afrikaans
    Show more ▼
    morphology
    • Dutch
    • Frisian
    • Afrikaans
    • -er (nominal)
      [70%] Dutch > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Nouns > Nominal suffixes
    • Gender
      [69%] Dutch > Morphology > Inflection > Nouns
    • -ing
      [68%] Dutch > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Nouns > Nominal suffixes
    • -ig
      [67%] Dutch > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Adjectives > Adjectival suffixes
    • -s
      [67%] Dutch > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Adjectives > Adjectival suffixes
    • -er (inhabitant names)
      [77%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Suffixation > Nominal suffixes > Geographical name as base
    • -er
      [77%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Suffixation > Nominal suffixes > Verb as base
    • -ster
      [75%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Suffixation > Nominal suffixes > Verb as base
    • Adjective as base
      [73%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Suffixation > Nominal suffixes
    • -DIM (diminutive)
      [73%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Suffixation > Nominal suffixes > Noun as base
    Show more ▼
    syntax
    • Dutch
    • Frisian
    • Afrikaans
    • 1.3. Inflection
      [70%] Dutch > Syntax > Verbs and Verb Phrases > 1 Characterization and classification
    • 4.1.1.2. The head of the quantificational binominal construction
      [70%] Dutch > Syntax > Nouns and Noun Phrases > 4 Projection of noun phrases III: binominal constructions > 4.1. Binominal constructions without a preposition > 4.1.1. Quantificational constructions: een paar boeken 'a couple of books'
    • 7.1.2.2. Inflected alle ''all''
      [70%] Dutch > Syntax > Nouns and Noun Phrases > 7 Pre-determiners > 7.1. The universal quantifier al 'all' and its alternants > 7.1.2. Distribution of al and alle inside the noun phrase
    • 5.2.3.1. Classification
      [69%] Dutch > Syntax > Nouns and Noun Phrases > 5 Determiners: articles and pronouns > 5.2. Pronouns > 5.2.3. Demonstrative pronouns
    • 4.1.1.3. Properties of N1
      [69%] Dutch > Syntax > Nouns and Noun Phrases > 4 Projection of noun phrases III: binominal constructions > 4.1. Binominal constructions without a preposition > 4.1.1. Quantificational constructions: een paar boeken 'a couple of books'
    Show more ▼
    cite
    print