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-ein
quickinfo

The non-Germanic suffix -ein derives nouns from nouns. Although it is an unproductive suffix whith a relatively rare occurrence, two subtypes can be observed. Firstly, the derivation can be a personal name as in republykrepublic > republikeinrepublican. Where the input is a geographical name, it can also derive an inhabitant name: RomeRome > RomeinRoman.

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[+] Nominal base

Although -ein is an unproductive suffix which is relatively rare, two types can be distinguished. First, the derivation can be a personal name, which is the case in republykrepublic > republikeinrepublican and, with an opaque input, in puriteinpuritan, which can be related to puritanismepuritanism. The meaning of these derivations is "follower of {base noun}".

[+] Geographical name as base

Secondly, the suffix can derive an inhabitant name on the basis of a geographical name. There is only one example, however: RomeRome > Romeininhabitant of Rome (or the Roman empire).

[+] Phonological properties

The suffix -ein bears the main stress of the word, which results in a stress shift: republYK > republykEIN, puritanISme > puritEIN and ROme > RomEIN.

[+] Morphological potentials

The derivations (all have common gender)) can be input for other suffixes, like -sk in the adjective republikeinskrepublican, or -sk in Romeinsk legerRoman army.

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x Literature

This topic is based on De Haas and Trommelen (1993:202) and Hoekstra (1998:101).

References:
  • Haas, Wim de & Trommelen, Mieke1993Morfologisch handboek van het Nederlands. Een overzicht van de woordvormingSDU Uitgeverij
  • Hoekstra, Jarich1998Fryske wurdfoarmingLjouwertFryske Akademy
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