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-ast
quickinfo

The suffix -ast derives personal nouns from nouns. This unproductive, non-Germanic suffix only occurs in a few words, nearly always with a non-Germanic base form. An example is fantasyfantasy > fantastdreamer.

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[+] General input

The list of derivations with -ast is limited. Examples are given in the table below:


Table 1
Base form Derivation
fantasyfantasy fantastdreamer
gymnasiumgrammar school gymnasiastgrammar school pupil
FryskFrisian frisiastlover of Frisian affairs
giliasmechiliasm giliastchiliast
gymnastykgymnastics gymnastgymnast

All derivations have common gender, and their meaning differs between "follower of {base noun}" or "someone who brings {base noun} into practice". The derivations have a non-native base, typically a bounded stem. An exception is frisiastlover of Frisian matters, which is related to the native words FryslânFrisia or FryskFrisian.

[+] Phonological properties

The suffix -ast bears the main stress of the word: fantaSY > fanTAST, frYSK > frisiAST, etcetera.

[+] Morphological potentials

The derivations can be the first part of a compound if a linking element -e- has been added: fantast-e-praattalk of a dreamer or frisiast-e-ferieningsociety of Frisiasts.

They can be input for other suffixes as well, like -(y)sk in fantastyskfantastic and gymnastyskgymnastic and -e in gymnasiastefemale pupil of a grammar school.

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x Literature

This topic is based on Hoekstra )(1998:101).

References:
  • Hoekstra, Jarich1998Fryske wurdfoarmingLjouwertFryske Akademy
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